Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. The peace & security prevailing during Sher Shah Suri’s reign contributed too big to the growth of trade & commerce. Planting of trees & digging wells & construction of public rest houses could be also considered as a welfare measure of Sher Shah. Rest houses (Sarai) were constructed for benefit of travelers. Sher Shah did not spare oppressors whether they were high nobles, men of his own tribe or near relations. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. Sher Shah Suri followed the system of local responsibility. In case, the officer’s faith in catching the criminal they were punished by him. Sher Shah re-established law and order across the length and breadth of his empire. It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). The Sarai was used as Dak Chauki (PO). The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. The king got daily report from different part of the country. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only a short period i.e. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). There was a separate arrangement for Hindus & Muslims in these rest houses. When Humayun took over Sher Shah Suri, he retained the coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri. Currency Reforms: It was a silver currency weighed 178 grains. Akbar also followed these practices and organized the army on efficient lines with some changes as he introduced mansabdari system. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1546, Sher Shah Suri set up a new civic and military administration and issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was also termed the Rupiya. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. Sher Shah’s system was adopted by Akbar who ditched the Shahrukhi for the rupaiya and also introduced gold coins called asharafi (mohurs). Sher Shah, a grade-10 student was present in the auditorium along with his brother, Ahmad Shah of grade-8 when the terrorists attacked the hall. He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). Sher Shah Sur (1540-1545) Sher Shah waged extensive wars with the Rajputs and expanded his empire. He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by his son Islam Shah (Jalal Khan) Islam Shah died in 1553 and the Afghan empire was weakened. In 1555, after Sher Shah’s death, Humayun regained the throne from his weak successor. V.A. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. The word ‘rupee’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word rupyakam, meaning a silver coin. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. Strength: Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the center like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. His Administration. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. This rupee minus its inscription lasted throughout the Mughal period and was retained by the English East India Company up to 1835. His original name was Farid. The first “rupee” is widely believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri (1486–1545).The assumption is based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee.During his brief five-year rule (540-1545), Sher Shah Suri issued a standardised silver coin called Rupiya. He didn’t interfere in the education system of Hindus. Sher Shah constructed 1700 sarais at a distance of every Kros. Wells were dug for making the provision of drinking water. The sarais were also used as Dak- chowki. Sher Shah was a past master in adopting successful war tactics. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. Sher Shah issued land grants to the education institution of both the Hindus & Muslims. daam-The copper coin run by Akbar which was equal to the 40th part of the rupee. Photo Source Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. Sher Shah Suri appointed Qazi & Mir Adil to try the cases of judicial cases. The first duty was levied when the goods were brought into the country and the second was levied when the goods were sold. He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Belonging to the communities of Hindus as well as Muslims. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. 15 years, it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin khalji and made them more efficient. A perfect example of square tomb of the Pathan style it was constructed under the supervision of Shaikh Ahmad Niyazi. Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. He issued coins in silver and copper in his own name from a number of places. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Sher Shah defeated Humayun in Kannauj (1540 AD) and Humayun passed the next twelve years in exile. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. It was a square or a square piece of pure silver (it was introduced by Sher Shah) and weighed 175 grains. The 4th road built by Sher Shah connected Lahore to Multan. What is QRSAM System (Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System)? Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Nissar- Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy. 4. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. The great emperor Akbar followed the techniques of Sher Shah’s administration while consolidating the Mughal Empire. His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. However, the system could not be introduced in Multan, Malwa and Rajasthan where the Jagirdari system continued to exist. (a) Man Singh (b) Todarmal (c) Bhagwant Das (d) Birbal 191. It was called phulos or money. Sher Shah also issued copper coins from different mints. 2. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between… Read more The names on the coins were given in Devanagari script. Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. Answer: Farid; Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani? The second tax was collected when goods were sold to the final consumer. There was no fixed ratio between the coins of various metals. He introduced the currency of rupee. The first tax was collected at the stage of the manufacturing of items. ‘Sati’ of Hindu women was prohibited during the reign of which Mughal emperor? Coins of various Governments were allowed to circulate at the same time and they created a lot of confusion. These were attached to the mosque. then his name became Sher Khan [5]. Sher Shah introduced a gold coin weighing 169 grains or 10.95 grams and called it ‘Mohar’. Some Indian states minted the coin till their accession to India in 1947. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. He also abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. jital-Smallest coin of copper It was equal to the 25th part of the price. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah… 3) First coin with name 'Rupee' was introduced by Sher Shah Suri in 1545 4) The coins issued after 1840 bore the portrait of Queen Victoria 5) Acute shortage of silver during the First World War, led to the introduction of paper currency of One Rupee Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. It comes from the Hindi word rupīyā, which refers to the same thing the English word does: a currency used in India, Pakistan, and much of Southeast Asia. Payment in cash: The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. Like Babur, the story of Sher Shah Suri’s rise to power is romantic and interesting. Sher Shah introduced Dagh and Chehra system. His original name was Farid Khan. Akbar, though from a rival house, adopted several of the administrative measures innovated by Sher Shah Suri. A rupee was divided into 40 dams. Sher Shah introduced a gold coin weighing 169 grains or 10.95 grams and called it ‘Mohar’. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. Discipline in the army: In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. The administrative system of Sher Shah Suri was so efficient that there was peace & security everywhere & crimes were rare. He consolidated his power practically the whole of North India in a few years. ‘Rupiya’, the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee, was introduced during his reign. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Copyright. Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. The First ever silver rupee coin was issued by Sher Shah. Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. Only two duties were allowed. Later on, the Mughal Emperors standardised the coin along with other silver and gold coins in order to consolidate the monetary system across India. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Land grants were issued by him to the man of learning & religion. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants, and a part of artillery. Until the middle of the 20th century, Tibet 's official currency was also known as the Tibetan rupee. According to Abbas Khan Sarwani, even an old woman could walk in the middle of the night with a basket full of gold & nobody dare to touch her. One of the most prominent factors was the Sher Shah’s duty in the Babur Army. All internal customs were abolished. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. A Dam was a small Indian copper coin. His silver rupee coins weighed 180 grains, of which 175 grains were pure silver. Who among the following Hindus first joined Din-i-Ilahi / Tauhid-i-Ilahi? So it is important to understand how an afghan warrior was able to defeat this defined highly skilled warrior. The first "rupee” was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri. Its use was continued by the Mughal rulers. 5. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. It was based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. “Sher Shah was we first Musalman ruler who studies. Born on 1486 at Sasaram, Bihar, India. Sher Shah constructed several roads to connect various parts of India. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. Short Biography of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. The concept of the tri-metallic coinage system which became characteristic to the Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for civil government. At present, it is known as the Grand Trunk (GT) road. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Sher Shah was more optimistic as well as a practical leader as compared to other previous leaders who enjoyed the benefits of the thrones of Delhi. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. The first "rupee" is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri, based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. CSIR-SERC Develops an Indigenous ERS System for Power Failures, Charlie Hebdo: All You Need To Know About French Satirical Magazine, Priyanca Radhakrishnan will be the 1st Indian-born Minister in New Zealand’s Cabinet, National Green Tribunal notice to Centre to ban firecrackers from Nov 7-30, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) signed by India and United States. So much so, that even today we have a lot to thank him for - take for example his currency reforms and the name he gave his currency the Rupiya. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. He stopped the use of billon and introduced tri-metallic coinage which was adopted by Akbar and the later Mughals. We use it to this day! Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. Its basic features were as follows: (a) The system which Sher Shah introduced in most of the places was Ryotwari wherein the state kept direct relations with the peasants for the assessment and collection of the land revenue. Sher Shah Suri is the unique emperor in medieval history. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. The object was to facilitate trade in the country. Trees were planted near the roads. Sher Shah abolished the various duties which were levied at the frontiers of every province. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. He also introduced new copper coins called as Dam which was continued by Humayun, Akbar and other Mughal emperors. But in criminal cases, uniform Islamic law was applied to all. After his formal coronation, Sher Shah Suri issued coins in silver and copper and eliminated the billon from the series of Indian coins. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan… Read more Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. Sher Shah’s pretense of withdrawing but a sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. The punishment was severe. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. Sher Shah defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and again at Kanauj (1540). Sher Shah ran towards his … After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Gold coins were also introduced. So much is he famous for this supposed achievement, that even today, it is called Sher Shah Suri Marg. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. B. The names on the coins were given in Devanagari script. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). His rival, Sher Shah began his coinage by employing newer weight standards and terms; the silver coin was christened ‘Rupaiya’ a term still current in modern India! Free kitchens were established by him to feed the poor & hungry. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. The coin was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his rule of India between 1540 and 1545, along with Mohur, the gold coin and Rupiya the silver coin. He introduced the 'Rupaya' or 'Rupee' which is the offcial currency in India, Pakistan and some other states. Empire, Akbar and the absence of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar popularised and that the king daily... 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